Boxing Lives Project
born: 1705, London or Gloucestershire
Jack Broughton is regarded as the father of prize-fighting. In 1743 he formulated a number of rules that enabled boxing to develop into a sport that used art as well as aggression in its approach. These rules were used until 1838 when the London Prize Ring Rules superseded them. Broughton also promoted boxing events building an amphitheatre in Oxford Street, London in 1743 to promote pugilism. Broughton also invented ‘mufflers’, an early form of boxing glove, that were used by fighters in training.
Under Broughton’s rules rounds were introduced but they were not time-based rounds as in modern day boxing nor were there a specific number of rounds. A round lasted until a boxer either fell or was knocked down, an opponent could not be hit when he was down. A fight was over when a boxer could not physically continue or was knocked-out for more than thirty seconds.
⊕ Broughton's Rules